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Firebrat (Thermobia domestica)

Firebrat (Thermobia domestica)

 

Firebrats prefer higher temperatures and require some humidity, and can be found in bakeries and near boilers or furnaces. They feed on a wide variety of carbohydrates and starches that are also protein sources such as dog food, flour and book bindings. They are distributed throughout most parts of the world and are normally found outdoors under rocks, leaf litter, and in similar environments, but are also often found indoors where they are considered pests. They do not cause major damage, but they can contaminate food, damage paper goods, and stain clothing. Otherwise they are mostly harmless.

Identification:
An adult is 7 to 20mm in length and is grey in colour with a dark structure on its body. At the head it has two long antennae and at the abdomen three long appendages. The firebrat is often confused with the silverfish because they look very much alike. Very similar to silverfish, except: Silverfish live and develop in damp, cool places such as basements and laundry rooms. Firebrats live in hot, humid places such as attics in the summer and near ovens, fireplaces and central heating pipes in winter

Biology:
Adults lay eggs in small groups containing up to 50 eggs. The eggs are very small and deposited in cracks and crevices. A female normally lays less than 100 eggs during her life. Under ideal conditions, the eggs hatch in two weeks, but may take up to two months to hatch. The young nymphs are very much like the adults except for size. Several years are required before they are sexually mature, and they must mate after each moult if viable eggs are to be produced. Populations do not build up rapidly because of their slow development rate and the small number of eggs laid. A large infestation usually means the house has been infested for some time The average life is 2.5 to 3 years, and during the adult stage the insect still moults.

Control:
These insects may be controlled by insecticide sprays or dusts labelled for the control of crawling insects. The insecticide should be blown or brushed into crevices, e.g. behind skirting boards, cupboards, etc. Aerosol sprays for the control of crawling insects are suitable for small infestations. Remove old boxes and stacks of papers, magazines, books and fabrics. Reducing available water and lowering the humidity with dehumidifiers and fans or by increasing ventilation can help. Repair leaking plumbing and make sure areas such as kitchens, bathrooms and laundry rooms are well ventilated.

Products to control Firebrat:

Vulcan P5 DP Dust (3kg)
Formulated as a dust for the control of wasp nests and in voids or around electrical installations where liquid sprays may not be appropriate.

Cimetrol Super RFU (300ml)
Cimetrol Super RFU is a ready for use water-based spray to control bedbugs, fleas and other crawling and flying insects. 

Organisect Non-toxic Dust (2kg)
Organisect® Dust is a naturally-mined, mineral product made up of fossilized remains of diatoms, a type of hard shelled algae.